Madison believes that each branch of the government (legislative,judicial, should be independent. He thinks that members of braches should not be dependent on members of the other two branches. He also believes that there should be restrictions on power in the government.He says that “if men were angels, no government would be necessary.” Government should beable to control itself and the people.
Madison ends with the idea that majority must agree on justice and general good for society to be balanced.To prevent one branch from becoming supreme, protect the "opulent minority" from the majority, and to induce the branches to cooperate, governance systems that employ a separation of powers need a way to balance each of the branches. Typically this was accomplished through a system of "checks and balances.Checks and balances allow for a system based regulation that allows one branch to limit another, such as the power of Congress to alter the composition and jurisdiction of the federal courts.